If you are wondering ‘how is rice grown’, then you are in the right place. Here we are describing more about rice farming business. Rice farming is very common and popular throughout the world. And rice is the number one and most widely consumed staple food in the world. Rice is consumed as staple food by a large part of the world’s human population.
Rice is actually the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa (or Oryza glaberrima for African rice). Rice (a monocot) is normally grown as an annual plant. But in the tropical areas, the rice plants can survive as a perennial and can produce a ratoon crop for up to 30 years.
Depending on the variety and soil fertility, the rice plant can grow from 3.3 feet to 5.9 feet tall or even more. Leaves of the rice plants are 20-39 inches long and less than 1 inch broad (typically 0.79-0.98 inch). The flowers are very small and are wind pollinated. The flowers are produced in a branched arching to pendulous inflorescence 12-20 inches long. And the edible seed is a grain (caryopsis) which is 0.20-0.47 inch long, and 0.079-0.118 inch thick.
Rice farming is well-suited to countries and regions with low labor costs and high rainfall. Because, rice farming requires ample water and it is labor-intensive. Although, rice can be grown almost anywhere (even on mountain area or steep hill with the use of water-controlling terrace system. Rice actually grows well in Asia and certain parts of Africa.